Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018


Laboratory of Plant-Microbe Interactions - LIPM

Laboratory of Plant-Microbe Interactions

Publications - Infectious strategies of Xanthomonas


  • Arroyo-Velez N.*, González-Fuente M.*, Peeters N., Lauber E. and Noël L.D. (2020) From effectors to effectome: are functional studies of individual effectors enough to decipher plant pathogen infectious strategies? PLoS Pathogens. In press.
  • Gluck-Thaler E.*, Cerutti A.*, Perez-Quintero A.L.*, J. Butchacas, V. Roman-Reyna, V. Narayanan Madhavan, D. Shanthara, M.V. Merfa, C. Pesce, A. Jauneau, T. Vancheva, J.L. Lang, C. Allen, V. Verdier, L. Gagnevin, B. Szurek, S. Cunnac, G. Beckham, L. de la Fuente, H. Kumar Patel, R.V. Sonti, C. Bragard, J.E. Leach, Noël L.D., Slot J.S., Koebnik R., and Jacobs J.M.(2020) Repeated gain and loss of a single gene modulates the evolution of vascular plant pathogen lifestyles. Science advances. 6(46): eabc4516.
  • Jauneau A.*, Cerutti A.*, Auriac M.-C. and Noël L.D. (2020) Anatomy of leaf apical hydathodes in four monocotyledon plants of economic and academic relevance. PLoS One. 15(9): e0232566.
  • González-Fuente M., Carrère S., Monachello D., Marsella B.G., Cazalé A.-C., Zischek C., Mitra R.M., Rezé N., Cottret L., Mukhtar M.S., Lurin C., Noël L.D. and Peeters N. (2020) EffectorK, a comprehensive resource to mine for Ralstonia, Xanthomonas and other published effector interactors in the Arabidopsis proteome. Mol Plant Pathol. 21(10): 1257-1270.
  • Luneau J., Noël L.D., Lauber E. and Boulanger A. (2020) A ß-glucuronidase (GUS)-based bacterial competition assay to assess fine differences in fitness during plant infection. Bio-protocol. in press.
  • Livre Matthieu
    Arlat  , M. (2019) « Interactions Bactéries/Hôtes », in « Introduction à la Microbiologie », directed by Luciano Paolazzi et Jean Claude Liébart, Matthieu Arlat, Michel Dion, Harivony Rakotoarivonina. DUNOD éditions
  • Cerutti A., Jauneau A., Laufs P., Leonhardt N., Schattat M., Berthomé R., Routaboul J.-M. and Noël L.D. (2019) Mangroves in the Leaves: Anatomy, Physiology, and Immunity of Epithemal Hydathodes. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 57:91-116.
  • Meline V., Delage W., Brin C., Li‐Marchetti C., Sochard D., Arlat M., Rousseau C., Darrasse A., Briand M., Lebreton G., Portier P., Fischer‐Le Saux M., Durand K., Jacques M.‐A., Belin E., Boureau T. (2019) Role of the acquisition of a Type 3 Secretion System in the emergence of novel pathogenic strains of Xanthomonas. Mol. Plant Pathol. 20(1): 33-50. 
  • Denancé D.*, Szurek B.*, Doyle E.L., Lauber E., Fontaine-Bodin L., Carrère S., Guy E., Hajri A., Cerutti A., Boureau T., Poussier S., Arlat M., Bogdanove A.J. and Noël L.D (2018) Two ancestral genes shaped the Xanthomonas campestris TAL effector gene repertoire. New Phytologist, 219(1):391-407.
  • Cerutti A., Auriac M-C., Noël L.D. and Jauneau A. (2017) Histochemical Preparations to Depict the Structure of Cauliflower Leaf Hydathodes. Bio-protocol. 7(20): e2452.
  • Cerutti A. and Jauneau A. (2017) Capturing z-stacked confocal images of stomata to visualize bacteria in the pore. Bio-protocol. 7(20): e2451.
  • Cerutti A.*, Jauneau A.*,Auriac M-C., Lauber E., Martinez Y., Chiarenza S., Leonhardt N., Berthomé R. and Noël L.D. (2017) Immunity at cauliflower hydathodes controls infection by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Plant Physiol. 174(2):700-716.
  • Robène I., Bolot S., Pruvost O., Arlat M., Noël L.D., Carrère S., Jacques M.-A., Koebnik R and Gagnevin L. (2016) High-quality draft genome sequences of two Xanthomonas pathotype strains infecting aroid plants. Genome Announcement. 4(5):e00902-16. PDF (open Access)
  • Boulanger A. and Noël L.D. (2016) Xanthomonas whole genome sequencing: phylogenetics, host specificity and beyond. Front. Microbiol. 7:1100. PDF (open Access)
  • French Network on Xanthomonads (Jacques M.-A., Arlat M., Boulanger A., Boureau T., Carrère S., Cesbron S., Chen N., Cociancich S., Darrasse A., Denancé N., Fischer-Le Saux M., Gagnevin L., Koebnik R., Lauber E., Noël L.D., Pieretti I., Portier P., Pruvost O., Rieux A., Robène I., Royer M., Szurek B., Verdier V., and Vernière C.) (2016) Ecology, Physiology, and Genomics to Understand Host Specificity in Xanthomonas. Annual review of phytopathology 54: 163-187.
  • Denancé N., Lahaye T. and Noël L.D. (2016) Editorial: Genomics and effectomics of the crop killer Xanthomonas. Front. Plant Sci.7:71. PDF (open Access)
  • Roux B.*, Bolot S.*, Guy E., Denancé N., Lautier M., Jardinaud M.-F., Fischer-Le Saux M.,Portier P., Jacques M.-A., Gagnevin L., Pruvost O., Lauber E., Arlat M., Carrère S., Koebnik R. and Noël L.D. (2015) Genomics and transcriptomics of Xanthomonas campestris species challenges the concept of core type III effectome. BMC Genomics. 16:975. PDF (open Access)
  • Wang G.*, Roux B.*, Feng F.*, Guy E., Li L., Li N., Zhang X., Lautier M., Jardinaud M.-F., Chabannes M., Arlat M., Chen S., He C., Noël LD.* and Zhou J.-M.* (2015) The Decoy Substrate of a Pathogen Effector and a Pseudokinase Specify Pathogen-Induced Modified-Self Recognition and Immunity in Plants. Cell Host & Microbe 18(3):285-295.
  • Pesce C., Bolot S., Berthelot E., Bragard C., Cunnac S., Fisher-Le Saux M., Portier P., Arlat M., Gagnevin L., Jacques M-A., Noël LD., Carrère S., and Koebnik R. (2015) Draft genome sequence of the Xanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis Pathotype Strain CFBP 2053. Genome Announcement. e1174-15. PDF (open Access)
  • Bolot S.*, Cerutti A.*, Carrère S., Arlat M., Fischer-Le Saux M., Portier P., Poussier S., Jacques M-A., Noël LD. (2015) Genome sequences of the race 1 and race 4 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris strains CFBP 1869 and CFBP 5817. Genome Announcement. e01023-15. PDF (open Access)
  • Solé M., Scheibner F., Hoffmeister AK., Hartmann N., Hause G., Rother A., Jordan M., Lautier M., Arlat M., Büttner D. (2015) Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria secretes proteases and xylanases via the Xps-type II secretion system and outer membrane vesicles. J. Bact. 197(17):2879-93.
  • Dupoiron S., Zischek C., Ligat L., Carbonne J., Boulanger A., Dugé de Bernonville T., Lautier M., Rival P., Arlat M., Jamet E., Lauber E.*, Albenne C. (2015) The N-glycan cluster from Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris: a toolbox for sequential plant N-glycan processing. J Biol Chem. 290(10):6022-6036. *corresponding author.
  • Pesce C.*, Bolot S.*, Cunnac S., Portier P., Fisher-Le Saux M., Jacques M-A., Gagnevin L., Arlat M., Noël LD., Carrère S., Bragard C. and Koebnik R. (2015) High-Quality Draft Genome Sequence of the Xanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis Pathotype Strain CFBP 2541. Genome Announcement. 3(1):e01574-14. PDF (open Access)
  • Boulanger A., Zischek C., Lautier M., Jamet S., Rival P., Carrère S., Arlat M. and Lauber E. (2014) The plant pathogen Xanthomonascampestris pv. campestris exploits N-acetylglucosamine during infection. mBio 5(5):e01527-14. PDF (open Access)
  • Indiana A., Briand M., Arlat M., Gagnevin L., Koebnik R., Noël LD., Portier P., Darrasse A. and Jacques M.-A. (2014) Draft genome sequence of the flagellated Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. fuscans strain CFBP 4884. Genome Announcement. 2(5):e00966-14. PDF (open Access)
  • Gagnevin L.,Bolot S., Gordon JL., Pruvost O., Vernière C., Robène I., Arlat M., Noël LD., Carrère S., Jacques M-A. and Koebnik R. Draft genome sequence of Xanthomonasaxonopodis pv. allii strain CFBP 6369. Genome Announcements. 2(4):e00727-14. PDF (open Access)
  • Dugé de Bernonville T., Noël LD., SanCristobal M., Danoun S., Becker A., Soreau P., Arlat M. and Lauber E. (2014) Transcriptional reprogramming and phenotypical changes associated with growth of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in cabbage xylem sap. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 89: 527-541.
  • Roux F., Noël LD. Rivas S. and Roby D. (2014) ZRK atypical kinases: emerging signaling components of plant immunity. New phytologist: 203:713-716. PDF (open Access)
  • Denancé N., Szurek B. and Noël LD. (2014) Emerging functions of nodulin-like proteins in non nodulating plant specie, Plant Cell Physiology. 55(3):469-74.
  • Darrasse A*, Bolot S*, Serres-Giardi L, Charbit E, Boureau T, Fisher-Le Saux M, Briand M, Arlat M, Gagnevin L, Koebnik R, Noël LD, Carrère S, Jacques MA (2013) High-quality draft genome sequences of Xanthomonasaxonopodis pv. glycines strains CFBP 2526 and CFBP 7119. Genome Announcement. 1(6):e01036-13. PDF (open Access)
  • Jacques MA*, Bolot S*, Charbit E, Darrasse A, Briand M, Arlat M, Gagnevin L, Koebnik R, Noël LD, Portier P, Carrère S, Boureau T. (2013) High-quality draft genome sequence of Xanthomonasalfalfae subsp. alfalfae strain CFBP 3836. Genome Announcement. 1(6):e01035-13. PDF (open Access)
  • Darrasse A., Carrère S., Barbe V., Boureau T., Arrieta-Ortiz ML., Bonneau S., Briand M., Brin C., Cociancich S., Durand K., Fouteau S., Gagnevin L., Guérin F., Guy E., Indiana A., Koebnik R., Lauber E., Munoz A., Noël LD., Pieretti I., Poussier S., Pruvost O., Robène-Soustrade I., Rott P., Royer M., Serres-Giardi L., Szurek B., Van Sluys M.-A., Verdier V., Vernière C., Arlat M., Manceau C. and  Jacques M.-A. (2013) Genome sequence of Xanthomonas fuscans subsp. fuscans strain 4834-R reveals that flagellar motility is not a general feature of xanthomonads. BMC genomics 14:761. PDF (open Access)
  • Arrieta-Ortiz ML., Rodríguez-R LM., Pérez-Quintero ÁL., Poulin L., Díaz AC., Arias Rojas N., Bart R., Boch J., Boureau T., Darrasse A., David P., Dugé de Bernonville T., Fontanilla P., Gagnevin L., Guérin F., Jacques M-A., Lauber E., Lefeuvre P., Medina C., Medina E., Montenegro N., Muñoz Bodnar A., Noël LD., Ortiz Quiñones JF., Osorio D., Pardo C., Patil PB., Poussier S., Pruvost O., Restrepo Benavides M., Robène-Soustrade I., Ryan R., Tabima J., Trujillo C., Urrego Morales OG., Vernière C., Carrere S., Verdier V., Szurek B., Restrepo S., López C., Koebnik R. and Bernal A.(2013) Genomic survey of pathogenicity determinants and VNTR markers in the cassava bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis strain CIO15. PLoS One 8(11): e79704. PDF (open Access)
  • Noël LD., Denancé N. and Szurek B (2013) Predicting promoters targeted by TAL effectors in plant genomes: from dream to reality. Frontiers in Plant Science 4:333. PDF (open Access)
  • Bolot S.*, Munoz Bodnar A.*, Cunnac S., Ortiz E., Szurek B., Noël LD., Arlat M., Jacques M-A., Gagnevin L., Portier P., Fischer-Le Saux M., Carrere S. and Koebnik R. (2013) Draft Genome Sequence of the Xanthomonas cassavae Type Strain CFBP 4642. Genome Announcement. 1(4):e00679-13. PDF (open Access)
  • Cunnac S.*, Bolot S.*, Forero Serna N., Ortiz E., Szurek B., Noël LD., Arlat M., Jacques M-A., Gagnevin L., Carrere S., Nicole M. and Koebnik R. (2013) High-Quality Draft Genome Sequences of Two Xanthomonas citri pv. malvacearum Strains. Genome Announcement. 1(4):e00674-13. PDF (open Access)
  • Guy E., Lautier M., Chabannes M., Roux B., Lauber E., Arlat M. and Noël LD. (2013) xopAC-triggered immunity against Xanthomonas depends on Arabidopsis receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase genes PBL2 and RIPK. PLoS One. 8(8):e73469. PDF (open Access)
  • Guy E.*, Genissel A.*, Hajri A., Chabannes M., David P., Carrere S., Lautier M., Roux B., Boureau T., Arlat M., Poussier S., Noël LD. (2013) Natural Genetic Variation of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris Pathogenicity on Arabidopsis Revealed by Association and Reverse Genetics. mBio. 4(3):e00538-12. PDF (open Access)
  • Bolot S.*, Roux B.*, Carrere S., Jiang B.-L., J.-L. Tang, Arlat M. and Noël LD. (2013) Genome Sequences of Three Atypical Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris Strains CN14, CN15, and CN16. Genome Announcement 1(4):e00465-13. PDF (open Access)
  • Dejean G., Blanvillain-Baufumé S., Boulanger A., Darrasse A., Girard AL., Dugé de Bernonville T., Carrere S., Jamet S., Zischek C., Lautier M., Solé M., Büttner D., Jacques MA., Lauber E. and Arlat M. (2013) The xylan utilisation system of the plant pathogen Xanthomonascampestris pv. campestris controls epiphytic life and reveals common features with oligotrophic bacteria and animal gut symbionts. New Phytol. 198(3)899-915. 
  • Escalon A., Javegny S., Vernière C., Noël LD., Vital K., Poussier S., Hajri A., Boureau T., Pruvost O., Arlat M. and Gagnevin L. (2013) Variations in type III effector repertoires, pathological phenotypes and host range of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri pathotypes. Mol. Plant Pathol. 14(5):483-485.
  • Bolot S.*, Guy E.*, Carrere S., Barbe V., Arlat M. and Noël LD. (2013) Genome Sequence of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris Strain Xca5. Genome Announcement 1(1):e00032-12. PDF (open Access)
  • Pieretti I., Royer M., Barbe V., Carrere S., Koebnik R., Couloux A., Darrasse A., Gouzy J., Jacques M.-A., Lauber E., Manceau C., Mangenot S., Poussier S., Segurens B., Szurek B., Verdier V., Arlat M., Gabriel D.W., Rott P., Cociancich S. (2012) Genomic insights into strategies used by Xanthomonas albilineans with its reduced artillery to spread within sugarcane xylem vessels. BMC Genomics, 13:658.
  • Ligat L.*, Lauber E.*, Albenne C., San Clemente H., Valot B., Zivy M., Pont-Lezica R., Arlat M. and Jamet E. (2011).  Analysis of the xylem sap proteome of Brassica oleracea reveals a high content in secreted proteins. Proteomics, 11: 1798-813. 
  • Bordes P., Lavatine L., Phok K., Barriot R., Boulanger A., Castanié-Cornet M-P., Déjean G., Lauber E., Becker A., Arlat M., and Gutierrez C. (2011). Insights into the extracytoplasmic stress response of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris: Role and regulation of SigmaE-dependent activity. J. Bacteriol. 193:246-64.
  • Boulanger A., Déjean G., Lautier M., Glories M., Zischek C., Arlat M. and Lauber E. (2010). Identification and regulation of the N-acetylglucosamine utilization pathway of the plant pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. J. Bacteriol. 192: 1487-97.
  • Pieretti I., Royer M., Barbe V., Carrere S., Koebnik R., Cociancich S., Couloux A., Darrasse A., Gouzy J., Jacques M-A., Lauber E., Manceau C., Mangenot S., Poussier S., Segurens B., Szurek B., Verdier V., Arlat M., and Rott P. (2009). The complete genome sequence of Xanthomonas albilineans provides new insights into the reductive genome evolution of the xylem-limited Xanthomonadaceae. BMC Genomics, 10: 616.
  • Brillet K., Meksem A., Lauber E., Reimmann C. and Cobessi D. (2009). Use of an in-house approach to study the three-dimensional structures of various outer membrane proteins: structure of the alcaligin outer membrane transporter FauA from Bordetella pertussis. Acta Cryst., D65, 326-331.
  • Xu*, R.Q., Blanvillain*, S., Feng, J.X., Jiang, B.L., Li, X.Z., Wei, H.Y., Kroj, T., Lauber, E., Roby, D., Chen, B., He, Y.Q., Lu, G.T., Tang, D.J., Vasse, J., Arlat, M., and Tang, J.L. (2008). AvrAC(Xcc8004), a type III effector with a leucine-rich repeat domain from Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris confers avirulence in vascular tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Col-0. J Bacteriol 190: 343-355.
  • Alvarez B, Vasse J, Le-Courtois V, Trigalet-Démery D, López MM, Trigalet A. (2008) Comparative behavior of Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 in diverse plant species. Phytopathology. 2008 98: 59-68.

(* : equal contribution).